Transfers of Possession

03/01/1093

Transfer of Possession

Mutawaquil, ruler of Badajoz, donated Sintra (w/ Santarem and Lisbon) to Afonso VI de Leao and Castela in the spring of 1093

1095 - 12/31/1095

Muslim Conquest

Returned to Muslim domain

1147

Christian Reconquest

Surrendered voluntarily and definitively to Afonso I of Portugal

1385

Succession Crisis

Only following the 1385 Battle of Aljubarrota did the mayor of Sintra, Manuel Henrique de Vilhena, give up the castle to João I of Portugal

Building Activity

Date of Known Existance

(Date Issue) Occupation of site begins between the 10th and 8th centuries BCE

409

Original Construction Date

(No Date) Visigothic conquest implied by the presence of a Visigothic church - Church of St Peter, built between the 7th and 8th centuries - predating the Muslim Conquest

700

Original Construction Date

Earliest fortification of the peninsula built to control land routes connecting Sintra to Mafra, Cascais and Lisbon

1154

Reconstruction Date

Repopulated and reconstructed by a royal charter from Afonso I of Portugal. Church of Sao Pedro of Canaferrim added, "reconstructed in the Romanesque style" (unclear if describing church or castle)

1154

Reconstruction Date

Repopulated and reconstructed by a royal charter from Afonso I of Portugal. Church of Sao Pedro of Canaferrim added, "reconstructed in the Romanesque style" (unclear if describing church or castle)

1185 - 03/26/1211

Reconstruction Date

Remodeled and strengthened by Sancho I of Portugal, including work on the church that added capitals

1375 - 12/31/1375

Reconstruction Date

Fernando I of Portugal restored castle at the suggestion of his treasurer, Joao Annes de Almada

12/05/1496 - 10/01/1497

Abandonment Date

Manuel I of Portugal expelled the Jews from Portugal, depopulating the castle, which had fallen into disuse in the previous century following the construction of the Palacio Nacional de Sintra

1636 - 1755

Destruction Date

Natural disasters caused the destruction of the castle beyond the point of usability - lightning strikes and an earthquake

Military Activity

409

Other Conquest

(No Date) Visigothic conquest implied by the presence of a Visigothic church - Church of St Peter, built between the 7th and 8th centuries - predating the Muslim Conquest

700 - 12/31/0800

Muslim Conquest

Muslim occupation, population at site called as-Shantara

1094 - 12/31/1094

Muslim Conquest

Christian territories, including Sintra, Lisbon, and Santarem, fall to Ali ibn Yusuf ibn Tashfin and come under the control of the Almoravids

12/01/1094

Christian Reconquest

Regained by the forces of Afonso VI de Leao and Castela

1369 - 12/31/1382

Fernandine Wars

During the reign of Fernando I of Portugal the castle was besieged by Castile during the Fernandine Wars

Charter/Treaty

1154

Charter

Repopulated and reconstructed by a royal charter from Afonso I of Portugal. Church of Sao Pedro of Canaferrim added, "reconstructed in the Romanesque style" (unclear if describing church or castle)

1154

Charter

Repopulated and reconstructed by a royal charter from Afonso I of Portugal. Church of Sao Pedro of Canaferrim added, "reconstructed in the Romanesque style" (unclear if describing church or castle)

Event Research by Brittany Forniotis

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