Monsaraz

Transfers of Possession

1232

Transfer of Possession

Donated to Order of the Temple (Knights of Templar) by Sancho II

1319

Transfer of Possession

Passed to Order of Christ after the Knights of Templar dissolve

1385

Transfer of Possession

Jaoa I of Portugal donates to locality of Condestavel

1422

Transfer of Possession

Donated back to Jaoa I's grandson, Ferando of Braganca

Building Activity

Date of Known Existance

(No Date) First occupation dates to prehistory as evidenced by large number of megalithic monuments and archaeological evidence of a castro settlement

1276

Reconstruction Date

Construction under knight Martim Anes Zagallo, who may have acted as the mayor of the village and its castle

1310

Reconstruction Date

Reconstruction under Denis I of Portugal

Military Activity

Roman Conquest

(Date Issue) 2nd c. BCE(?) Roman Conquest took over prehistoric castro settlement

500

Other Conquest

Visigoth Conquest

700

Muslim Conquest

Muslim conquest

Christian Reconquest

Village initially conquered by the forces of Afonso I of Portugal and Geraldo Sem Pavor

1173

Muslim Conquest

Reconquered by Abu Lucufe Lacude Almancor (Almoado Caliphate) after the defeat of Afonso I of Portugal in Badajoz in 1169

1232

Christian Reconquest

Reconquered by Sancho II of Portugal with the aid of the Order of the Temple

1385

Succession Crisis

Monsaraz, while in Castilian hands, was conquered by Portuguese forces under the command of Constable D. Nuno álvares Pereira before the battle of Aljubarrota on 8/14/1385

Charter/Treaty

1276

Charter

Afonso III of Portugal grants Monsaraz a charter to increase its population and defenses

1512

Foral Novo Charter

Manuel I of Portugal grants Monsaraz the Foral Novo

Event Research by Brittany Forniotis

Fusion 360 Model by: Audrey Magnuson, Jiaye (Hillman) Han