Bragança

Transfers of Possession

06/28/1449

Transfer of Possession

Afonso V of Portugal donated the castle to the first duke of Bragança

Building Activity

Roman Conquest

(No Date) Following the Roman invasion there was a significant transformation of the territorial and administrative organization of the region that centered on the Roman road connecting the Atlantic coast to the interior of the peninsula

Date of Known Existance

(No Date) Earliest human occupation in the Neolithic period - castro settlement

03/01/1188

Reconstruction Date

Sancho I of Portugal bequeaths funds in his will for the construction of walls of Bragança - this construction lasted for several decades

1261 - 1325

Reconstruction Date

Dinis I of Portugal, at the request of the Bragança "procuradores", contributed to the reconstruction of the walls

1367

Reconstruction Date

During the reign of Fernando I of Portugal the castle was improved

1385

Reconstruction Date

When João I of Portugal created the Avis Dynasty, there was a simultaneous campaign to reinforce the defenses of Bragança with towers flanking the main door of the castle, the introduction of a pentagonal plan, semicircular cubicles of the barbican, and the "so-called "clock tower"" with semicircular lateral reinforcements

1390

Reconstruction Date

At the end of the century, a second line of walls was built, with structures associated with the two extramural parish churches

1409 - 1449

Reconstruction Date

Work to consolidate walls and the construction of towers begun. This construction lasted 40 years

1505

Reconstruction Date

Mayor Lopo de Sousa and Alvero de Chaves repaired the castle wall and barbican

Military Activity

409

Other Conquest

(No Date) Suevi and Visigothic presences followed the Roman period

700 - 900

Muslim Conquest

(No Date) Muslim invasion made the region a border area, subject to constant looting, until the beginning of the 10th century when it was politically, administratively, religiously, and territorially reorganized

1199

Other Conquest

Conflicts between Sancho I of Portugal and Afonso IX de Leão led to the invasion of the region by the Leonese forces

1325

Other Conquest

When Afonso VI of Portugal ascended the throne, he triggered the invasion of his brother, D. Afonso Sanches, over the Bragança border

1369 - 1371

Fernandine Wars

During the First Ferdanine War Bragança was conquered by the forces of Henrique I of Castile.

1397 - 05/17/1398

Succession Crisis

During the Succession Crisis of 1383-85, the mayor, João Afonso Pimentel revolted against João I of Portugal in 1397. By the sending of a May 17th letter of 1398 by João I, Bragança had been recaptured

Charter/Treaty

06/01/1187

Charter

In a charter authorized by Sancho I of Portugal, the settlement moved to current site (on the hill of Benquerença) for defensive purposes, reusing materials in the construction of the village and castle

06/01/1187

Original Construction Date

In a charter authorized by Sancho I of Portugal, the settlement moved to current site (on the hill of Benquerença) for defensive purposes, reusing materials in the construction of the village and castle

1219

Charter

Afonso II of Portugal confirms the charter of the village

05/20/1253

Charter

Afonso III of Portugal confirms the charter

1371

Treaty of Alcoutim

Region was returned to Portugal at the signing of the Treaty of Alcoutim

11/11/1514

Foral Novo Charter

Manuel I of Portugal grants Bragança the Foral Novo

Event Research by Brittany Forniotis

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